The aims of this study was: 1. to assess the influence of mental training on manual focused attention and manual response; 2. we analyzed the influence of mental training on the increase in motor coordonation and reactivity influenced, all in certain athletes (skiers).
Problem Statement The samples of subjects tested are aged 12 and 16. The athletes who participated in this study are part of ski groups within School sports clubs. The experimental group comprises athletes from Gheorgheni (HR), Baia-Sprie (MM), while the control group includes of athletes from Topli?a (HR), Sibiu (SB), Predeal (BV) and Sinaia (PH). These tests we conducted our research in the application of mental training techniques in the experimental group and comparing them with the control group.
Purpose of Study through this study we analyze the influence of mental training on: 1. the increase of concentration of attention and response to skiers manual; 2. increase motor coordination and reactivity. It is known that in alpine skiing the hit action of pennant is very important.
Methods We used a device called: System for evaluation in transport and work psychology, version 04/2007, made by Professor H?v?rneanu C. (2007). According to integrated functional blocks, the proposed methodologic nucleus allows to obtain indices of informational, execution and self-regulation capacity, markers of behavior. We applied 2 tests: ACRM (concentrated attention with manual reaction), which provides information on the ability to pay attention in activities with required pace and dynamic field observations specific to alpine skiing. The other test applied was CMR (motor coordination and reactivity), which provides information on the ability of motor coordination - the adequacy and synchronizing of movements, speed and accuracy of complex reactions, motor learning, emotional balance - self-regulation, specific to alpine skiing.
Findings and Results was performed using SPSS 15.0. For the comparison of means between groups of subjects we applied ANOVA and Post Hoc test. Correlation between variables was performed by Pearson correlation coefficient (r). The charts are made with the method Box plot showing: minimum and maximum value; median, percentiles 75 and 25; extreme scores. Testing for the hand-eye coordination capacity of skiers from mountain ski, by applying ACRM test (focused attention with manual reaction), hand-eye coordination. Indices measured with this test: VP - perception speed=number of omissions, EP- perception accuracy= number of errors, EX- focused attention
Testing for motor coordination capacity and skiers of mountain ski reactivity, mental control of fatigue, using the test CRM. Indices measured with the test: IM- motor learning, CMC- movement coordination, ER- reaction accuracy, RR- reaction speed, CMD- movement coordination- dissociate movement synchronization, CMS- movement coordination- associate-dissociate movement synchronization, AR- self-regulation (tested in the beginning and end for both groups).
Conclusions and Recommendations The comparative analysis of test scores applied to the studied groups and statistical significance we can say that by applying mental training improves outcome in focus and manual reaction in the experimental group. These results in turn causes increased athletic performance, as can be seen analyze competitions in January 2015, in the groups studied.